Community Health Assessments
Community Health Assessments (CHA), also known as a Community Health Needs Assessment (CHNA), help us determine what the current health needs are in Columbiana County. The assessment informs our department on the current health status of the county, and also helps identify existing key health needs and issues. The identification of these issues is done through systematic, and thorough data collection and analysis. We use this health information to formulate a Community Health Improvement Plan (CHIP), which is a long term plan that addresses problems found during the community health assessment.
This provides information from the Ohio Department of Health (ODH) on radon and how to protect your family’s health.
ODH, the U.S. Surgeon General and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recommend every Ohio home be tested for radon.
- A naturally occurring radioactive gas
- Odorless, colorless and tasteless
- Comes from the breakdown of uranium found in rocks and soil
Importance of Radon
Breathing air with elevated level of radon over a period of time can cause damage to lung tissue and cells which increases the risk of lung cancer. According to the U.S. Surgeon General, radon is the second leading cause of lung cancer among smokers and the leading cause of lung cancer among non-smokers.
How Does Radon Enter a Home?
Radon, because it is a gas, it is able to move through spaces in the soil and enter a home through the following:
- Dirt floor
- Crawl spaces
- Unsealed sumps
- Cracks in walls
Ohio homes tend to operate as a vacuum (suction) to pull soil gases, including radon, into the lower level of a structure especially during the season when you heat your home.
Does Your Home Have a Radon Problem?
A radon test is the only way to find out if your home has elevated levels of radon. Performing a radon test is easy, inexpensive and can be done privately. Test results from nearby homes cannot be relied upon to predict the radon level in another home because every home is unique in its construction, soil and maintenance.
Fix your home if the radon level is 4pCi/LpicoCuries per Liter or more. If your radon test indicates that your home has elevated levels of radon, have a radon mitigation system installed by an ODH licensed mitigation contractor to reduce radon level. The Indoor Radon Program at ODH can provide homeowners with a list of licensed contractors in their area.
Rabies, Ticks and Mosquitos
The Columbiana County Health District continues to be involved in taking a proactive approach in the prevention of rabies in Columbiana County.
The department hosts two rabies clinics each year, one in the spring and one in the fall. Aerial rabies baiting will continue, handled by the US Department of Agriculture. ODH will continue to test suspect animals for rabies, although now it is at the owner’s expense. Every effort should be taken to avoid any unfamiliar or wild animals, especially raccoons, skunks and foxes as they are known to be higher risk rabies carriers.
The Columbiana County Health Department reports the increasing presence of ticks in the area and warns residents to take precaution as these species can carry disease.
Click on the following links below for more information:
The Columbiana County General Health District also works to prevent the spread of disease by insects and arthropods. Make sure to properly wear repellant and lightly colored clothes when outdoors, and be sure to eliminate standing water from around your home.
Contact us at (330) 424-0272 for further information.